Dr. Jim Cook, DVM, PhD, ACVIM Small Animals, heads up the Department of Neurology and Neurosurgery which treats medical and surgical diseases of the nervous system. The nervous system includes the brain, spinal column, and peripheral nerves and muscles. The skull and vertebral column surrounding the central parts of the nervous system (brain and spinal cord) may develop conditions affecting the brain and spinal cord and may also be treated primarily by Neurology/Neurosurgery or in some cases, Neurology/Neurosurgery may provide assistance to Surgery or Internal Medicine in treating these conditions.
Common nervous system conditions include but are not limited to seizures (caused by epilepsy, encephalitis, brain tumors, and occasionally other diseases), and paralysis (caused by trauma to the spinal cord from ruptured disks, car accidents, fractures, peripheral nerve diseases, and others). Neurology/Neurosurgery treats most primary neurologic conditions although in some cases the visible signs may be neurologic but the true cause may be in a different organ system. In this case a team approach is used (for example, severe liver failure resulting in seizures would be handled primarily by Internal Medicine but Neurology/Neurosurgery would provide adjunct assistance).